Barmer

 
Barmer

Barmer was founded around the 12th century. It forms the border area of India-Pakistan. Barmer is situated at a distance of 224km from Jodhpur on the Luni-Munabao section of the Northern Railways. Located atop a hill as so many of the cities of western Rajasthan are, it houses the remains of an old fort called Garh right on its peak. The name Barmer is derived from the ruler Bahada Rao or Bar Rao who is said to have founded the town in the 13th century. Initially called 'Bahada-mer' it was later shortened to Barmer.

A major attraction for the tourists, it is the centre for wood carving, carpets, embroidery, block printing and other handicrafts. The products made here are popular throughout India. Two annual fairs are celebrated in Barmer; the Barmer Thar festival in early March and the Barmer cattle fair in March/April. The tourist attractions in the tiny town of Barmer range from the historical forts to colorful festivals adding color and warmth to the otherwise dry landscape.

Major Tourist Spots

Barmer Fort:

 
Barmer Fort

Famous Fort Siwana is situated on a hilltop. The fort was built by a famous Rajput ruler Raja Bhoj's son Veernarayan, who at one stage controlled much of Barmer and had close ties with the Solanki dynasty of Gujarat. The fort is not in the best of condition now however it still houses a beautiful pond. The fort fell to forces of Alauddin Khilji in 1308. When Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, besieged the fort the people led by Sutal Deo mounted a heroic defence.

Kiradu Temples:

 
Kiradu Temple

The Kiradu temples are located at about 35 km from Barmer. There are five temples in all and most remarkable of them is Someshvara Temple. These temples feature impressive sculpture and a Solanki style of architecture.

Parasnath Jain Temple:

Parasnath Jain Temple dedicated to Jain Tirthankara Parasvanath was built in the 12th century and is located in the western part of the town. The decorative paintings in its interiors are worth watching.

Juna Jain Temple:

 
Juna Jain

Jain Temple in Barmer is ascertained from an inscription carved on a stone pillar situated right adjacent to the temple. On the hilltop nearby is an old fort which encompasses an area of about 15 sq km.The fort is surrounded by a series of hills, adjacent to which lies a small lake. Between the mountain peaks is a small island known as Juna Barmer which houses a small well. At one time Juna was quite densely populated, but most of its inhabitants migrated from the area. It is believed that the emigres from Juna established the town of Barmer.

Other tourist attractions

  • Cattle Fair
  • Barmer Thar Festival
  • Khed
  • Nagar Meva
  • Mahaveer Park

Travelling to Barmer

By Air: The nearest airport to Barmer is Jodhpur (222 kms.)

By Road: Barmer is well connected by roads to all major cities of the state and nearby area. The district is linked with Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Pali, Jalore, Jaipur, Ajmer and Ahmedabad. There is regular bus service from Barmer to Ahmedabad 485 Km, Delhi 887 km, Jaipur 588 Km, Jodhpur 198 Km, Jodhpur 224 Km, Udaipur 462 Km.

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